Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy
Non-surgical periodontal therapy, also known as scaling and root-planing, conventional periodontal therapy, or deep cleaning, is the first line of defense in fighting periodontal disease. It is a procedure involving the removal of dental plaque and calculus (scaling or debridement) and then smoothing, or planing, of the exposed surfaces of the roots of teeth below the gumline. The goal is to remove infected cementum or dentin that is impregnated with the toxins and microorganisms that cause inflammation and the progression of periodontal disease.
Due to the deeper nature of the therapy and depending on need, a patient is usually numbed and only a quarter or half the mouth is treated at a time. After all the affected areas have been treated, a follow-up appointment is scheduled to re-evaluate the gingival (gum) health and to determine if any additional intervention is needed. Depending on the results of the initial therapy, more aggressive intervention may be necessary as well as a referral to a Periodontist (gum and bone specialist). Additionally, a shorter re-care period is typically recommended and is scheduled for every 3-4 months (Periodontal Maintenance).